How Solar PV System Works
1 SOLAR PANELS
Solar Panels captures the light (photons) and stores them inside the cells. The reaction it causes creates Direct Current (DC)
Solar Inverters simply converts DC to Alternating Current (AC). AC is the power that we get in our homes to run the appliances that we have. So the job of an inverter is to convert the power produced by the panels into everyday usable form.
3 POWER GRID
Whatever power is produced, it is used in the house first. The excess that you produce, doesn’t get wasted and it could be sold back to the grid earning you credit (Feed-In-Tariff). In case, there is a battery backup system in place, then first, the power will be used in the house, batteries will then be charged and finally, when the batteries are fully charged, the excess power then gets sent back to the grid.